Different Welding Methods and When to Use Them

welding shops calgary

Did you realize how large a role welding plays in society? Welding has been around since 3000 B.C. when humans started working with bronze. However, welding methods have changed significantly since this time, with modern methods being essential to societal growth and product development. 

Welding is a process that binds two materials together using heat. However, there are many welding processes to suit different applications. The best welding method depends on the application.

Has welding sparked your interest? Read on to learn some of the different types of welding.

1. TIG- Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)

TIG Welding is also sometimes known as Heliarc gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW). Tig Welding requires a gas tank, which uses a constant flow of gas to weld. It does not use any filler metal, only welding two metals together. 

It uses an electrode made of tungsten, one of the most durable metals, which does not dissolve or burn. Common welding industries include farming, aerospace, and the auto industry.

2. Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)

This welding method does not need an external gas supply, as it uses a wire with a flux core to act as a gas shield. The wire serves as the electrode when the filler metal passes through it.

FCAW welding is the easiest method of welding for thicker or heavier materials. It can tolerate high heat but is also efficient, as it does not require external gas. Industries that use heavy machinery use this method of welding.

3. MIG- Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)

MIG welding is one of the most popular methods used in various industries, such as the auto industry and construction. It is the easiest welding method for new welders, as it is simple to complete. The quick process feeds filler metal through an electrode wire, while gas shields it from contamination from outside elements.

While many industries can use it, it still has some limitations, such as it not being the best for outdoor use. 

4. Stick-Shielded Metal Arc Welding

This is the best welding method when on the go. It is a portable option, making it easy to use for maintenance and repair tasks. Many industries use it, and it is commonly used for fabrication and underwater pipelines. 

The stick acts as the filler material, creating an arc to merge the materials. It is suitable for outdoor use, as it does not need gas. You can use a variety of electrodes, but it is not the best application for thin materials.

More to Learn About Welding Methods

These are just a few of the most common welding methods. There are also other types of welding, including Laser Beam Welding and Plasma Arc Welding. After all, over 50% of man-made products use some form of welding. 

Are you in need of welding services or repairs? Aaron Machine Shop Ltd has been offering mobile welding services since 1996 in Calgary and the surrounding areas. We have experience with different welding methods and in different industries.

Contact us today to learn more about our welding services. 

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